Archived: Government Slow to Tackle ‘White Collar’ Immigration Crime

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The number of criminal prosecutions initiated by Immigration and Customs Enforcement rose during the first five months of President Barack Obama’s administration.

A majority of those cases were immigration offenses, while one-third of those cases were tied to drug charges, according to data obtained by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University.
The data caused immigrant advocates to ask whether or not President Obama’s Department of Homeland Security, which oversees the agency, has been slow to realign its immigration enforcement priorities. Many had expected less focus on volume of arrests, and more targeting of high-value cases such as exploitative or abusive employers who hire undocumented immigrants.

In fact, in April, Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano issued new guidelines asking ICE field offices to prioritize long-term criminal investigations of businesses profiting from unauthorized immigrant labor.

It’s important to note TRAC data for ICE-referred prosecutions only covers the first five months of Obama’s presidency, January through May, which may not have been enough time for policy changes to take root, says Susan Long, co-director of TRAC and professor at Syracuse University’s Martin J. Whitman School of Management.

“In fairness … any change in policy might take a bit of time,” says Long.

In May, there were 2,147 new prosecutions referred by ICE to federal courts. The number represents a 19 percent increase over the previous month and a 30 percent jump over the same period a year before.

At the time, in May 2008, President Bush was being criticized for his hardline immigration enforcement, including the use of stiff criminal charges against workers in high-profile mass raids like the May 12 sweep of a kosher meatpacker in Postville, Iowa.

Mass raids may have decreased under President Obama, but not the practice of referring thousands of common immigration charges to federal criminal courts.

Sharp increases in ICE-referred prosecutions were seen in different federal court districts between January and May of this year. In New York state’s Western District, which covers Rochester and Buffalo, the number of prosecutions referred doubled between January and May, to 41 cases, according to TRAC data.

In Arizona, they tripled over the same period, jumping from 104 in January, the month President Obama was inaugurated, to 314 cases in May.

Despite the significant uptick in prosecutions, none of the May 2009 ICE cases targeted employers under the statute making it a criminal offense to knowingly hire undocumented immigrants, says Long, TRAC co-director.
“We’re not seeing any volume at all” in employer-focused criminal immigration prosecutions, she says.

ICE says it is actively pursuing “employers who knowingly hire an unauthorized workforce to bolster their profits,” and since October has charged some 100 employers or business owners with immigration violations.
“These cases are white collar crime cases,” says Richard Rocha, ICE spokesman in Washington D.C. “It’s important to understand those investigations take time.”

However, that’s less than 1 percent of the 13, 389 total cases ICE referred to federal prosecutors between October 2008 and May of this year, according to TRAC data.

“Re-entry of a deported alien” was by far the most common lead charge in cases referred by Immigration and Customs Enforcement to federal courts in this period, according to the data. There were 5,982 such cases, accounting for 45 percent of all ICE-initiated federal prosecutions.

Immigrant advocates say ICE has work to do if it is to move away from the “numbers game” of feeding federal courts with routine immigration prosecutions, says Brittney Nystrom, senior legal advisor to the National Immigration Forum, a Washington D.C.-based group.

“Rather than prosecuting serious crimes, including the gun and drug-trafficking and organized crime Secretary Napolitano told the American public she is focusing on, federal lawyers now spend much of their time processing misdemeanor illegal entry cases in an assembly-line fashion,” she says.

For advocates, this is only one example of heavy-handed enforcement tactics clung to by the Obama administration, even as it stalls on a promised overhaul of immigration laws. These tactics include a program known as “287(g)” that delegates immigration enforcement power to local and state police, which critics say leads to ethnic profiling.

The administration also expanded the E-verify database through with which employers can check workers’ immigration status. E-Verify is criticized by rights advocates for resulting in “false positives”– U.S. citizens or legal residents being wrongly flagged as unauthorized to work.

Marcelo Ballve is a New America Media contributing writer.

Posted - Copyright © 2022 Eastern Group Publications, Inc.

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  1. Finding out about E-Verification, 287 G local police arrest , No-Match-Letters, 1986 Simpson/Mazzoli bill, and other immigration enforcement laws, the reader should GOOGLE–NUMBERSUSA and JUDICIAL WATCH? Here you will find the absolute truth and not the meandering propaganda addressed by the special interest lobbyists or the deceiving national press. We can burying the head in the proverbial sand, or do something to save your quality of life in our nation. E-Verify from the beginning has been demonized, and only bloggers like me brought its operation to gain national attention? IT WORKS! So without public outcry, the bill would have ended up in a dusty draw of the Senate. Now–these same people are out to crush 287 G, because it also works

    After federal training local police have the authority to check a persons identity and detain them for ICE. President Obama is currently being pressured to rescind the no-match-letter. A immigration tool that notifies employers of discrepancies in a persons identity, for a right to be employed. Sen. Edward Kennedy was a major sponsor of the 1986 (IRCA) immigration act, that weakened importation allowing cheap labor into our country, including the fact he promised–NO MORE AMNESTIES.

    America has no chance of passing a worthwhile public option for health care, because we will also be paying for illegal aliens along with their families. The bill has no restriction in the wording to authenticate a persons legal status. Personally, I want a single payer system to stop the profiteering by insurance companies, but I don’t want to be taxed for underwriting illegal immigrants and their families? Even if they add an amendment declining illegal immigrants from the health care bill, they will still be included if the Democrats enact another path to citizenship? Then what about the others on the opposite side of our weak fence, they will hear the Amnesty bell chiming and rush for the border, or enter as tourists in an airport. I repeat we cannot even look after our own impoverished and homeless, even many veterans live under bridges. Pandering to foreign nationals legislators have ignored our aging infrastructure, our bridges, roads and tunnels.

    Call up the politicians you voted for at 202-224-3121 and tell them NO MORE AMNESTIES!. YES TO A PERMANENT E-VERIFY! BUILD THE ORIGINAL TWO-TIER FENCE! ENFORCE THE 1986 (IRCA) IMMIGRATION LAW THAT’S ON THE BOOKS. DON’T OVERPOPULATE AMERICA!

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